Residuary Non-Banking Company

Definition: The Residuary Non-Banking Company is yet another form of a financial institution engaged in the principal business of accepting deposits, under any scheme or arrangement or in any other form and not being asset financing, investment, loan company. Simply, the Residuary Non-Banking Company primarily deal in accepting deposits in any form and investing these…

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Chit Fund Company

Definition: The Chit Fund Company is a financial institution engaged in the principal business of managing, conducting and supervising the chit scheme. The “Chit” is the financial arrangement wherein a certain number of persons/subscribers enter into an agreement that subscribes to a certain sum of money by way of installments over a definite period of…

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Housing Finance Company

Definition: The Housing Finance Company is yet another form of non-banking financial company which is engaged in the principal business of financing of acquisition or construction of houses that includes the development of plots of lands for the construction of new houses. The Housing Finance Company is regulated by the National Housing Bank. Any non-banking…

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Non-Banking Financial Company-Factors

Definition: The Non-Banking Financial Company-Factors (NBFC-Factors) is yet another financial company that deals in the principal business of Factoring. The Factoring is a financial transaction wherein the company sells its bills receivables i.e. invoices to a third party called as “factor” at a discount. As per the RBI, the company can be registered as a…

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Systematically Important Core Investment Company

Definition: The Systematically Important Core Investment Company (CIC-ND-SI) is a financial company that is principally engaged in the business of acquisition of shares and securities. As per the RBI guidelines, the non-banking financial company is recognized as a systematically important core investment company if it satisfies the following conditions: At least 90% of the company’s…

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Non-Banking Financial Company-Micro Finance Institution

Definition: The Non-Banking Financial Company: Micro Finance Institution (NBFC-MFI) is a non-deposit taking financial company that has minimum 85% of its assets in the nature of qualifying assets. The Qualifying Assets are those assets which have a substantial period of time to be ready for its intended use or sale. As per RBI, for a…

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Infrastructure Debt Fund Non-Banking Financial Companies

Definition: The Infrastructure Debt Fund Non-Banking Financial Companies or IDF-NBFC are yet another non-deposit accepting financial institutions that purely deals in infusing long-term debt into the infrastructure sector. The debt fund means a pool of investment that holds the array fixed-income instruments such as bonds or debentures. As per RBI, the company shall be recognized…

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Infrastructure Finance Company

Definition: The Infrastructure Finance Company is yet another financial institution engaged in the principal business of infrastructure loan. The credit facility (term loans, project loans, etc.) granted by the non-banking financial companies to the borrowers in the specific infrastructure sectors Viz. Transport, Energy, Water and Sanitation, Communication, and Social and Commercial Infrastructure are called as…

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Asset Finance Company

Definition: The Asset Finance Company is the financial institution engaged in the principal business of financing physical assets that correspond to productive/economic activity such as machinery, automobile, tractors, material handling equipment, power generators, etc. The Asset Financing refers to the act of pledging company’s assets Viz. Bills Receivables, short-term inventories or investments to borrow loan…

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Loan Company

Definition: The Loan Company is a financial institution principally engaged in the business of providing finance to the public, whether by making loans or advances or otherwise, for any activity other than its own (Excludes equipment leasing and hire-purchase activities). The loan is a kind of an agreement wherein the lender temporarily lends property, usually…

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