Factoring

Definition: Factoring implies a financial arrangement between the factor and client, in which the firm (client) gets advances in return for receivables, from a financial institution (factor). It is a financing technique, in which there is an outright selling of trade debts by a firm to a third party, i.e. factor, at discounted prices. Factoring…

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Margin of Safety

Definition: Margin of Safety (MOS) is defined as the excess of actual or projected sales over break-even sales, that can be expressed in monetary terms or units, or as a percentage of total sales. The margin of Safety implies the sales point over and above the break-even point, that results in profit. Break-even point (BEP),…

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Treasury Bills

Definition: Treasury Bills, also known as T-bills are the short-term money market instrument, issued by the central bank on behalf of the government to curb temporary liquidity shortfalls. These do not yield any interest, but issued at a discount, at its redemption price, and repaid at par when it gets matured. T-bills are the key…

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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them. The financial market…

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Post Office Recurring Deposit Account

Definition: The Post Office Recurring Deposit Account works on the same principle as that of the recurring deposit account in a bank, where the investor can deposit a fixed sum of money on a monthly basis. It is a scheme offered by the department of post and backed by the government of India on which…

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Post Office Monthly Income Scheme

Definition: The Post Office Monthly Income Scheme is a saving scheme backed by the government of India on which fixed interest is paid. This scheme is offered by the department of post and aims at providing regular monthly income to the depositors. The post office monthly income scheme offers several features to help investors to…

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Post Office Time Deposits

Definition: The Post Office Time Deposits are a saving scheme offered by the Indian Postal Service on which a fixed interest is paid. Often, the investors deposit a good chunk of their financial assets with a view to earning a fixed interest on it. The Post Office Time Deposits are similar to the fixed deposits…

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Post Office Savings Account

Definition: The Post Office Savings Account is the deposit scheme offered by the department of post on which fixed interest is paid. The individual investors deposit a good portion of their financial assets in a postal savings account in order to earn a fixed rate of interest on the investments. The post office savings account…

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Employee Provident Fund

Definition: The Employee Provident Fund, popularly known as PF is the retirement saving scheme available to all the salaried employees, is backed by the government on which fixed interest is paid. The employee provident fund is administered by the Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), a statutory body developed by the government of India under the…

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National Pension Scheme (NPS)

Definition: The National Pension Scheme or NPS is a Government backed voluntary saving scheme that aims at inculcating saving habits for retirement amongst the citizens. It is designed to encourage systematic saving during the subscriber’s working life with an aim to offer old-age income or fixed retirement income to all the citizens of India, even…

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