Bonds

Definition: Bonds can be defined as the negotiable instrument, issued in relation to borrowing arrangement, that indicates indebtedness. It is an unsecured debt instrument, in which the bond investor extends credit to the issuer, which in turn commits to repay the loan amount on the specified maturity date, along with interest throughout the life of…

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Certificate of Deposit (CD)

Definition: Certificate of Deposit (CD) implies an unsecured, money market negotiable instrument, issued by the commercial bank or financial institution, either in demat form or as a usance promissory note, at a discount to face value at market rates, against the amount deposited by an individual, for a stipulated time. In finer terms, certificate of…

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Factoring

Definition: Factoring implies a financial arrangement between the factor and client, in which the firm (client) gets advances in return for receivables, from a financial institution (factor). It is a financing technique, in which there is an outright selling of trade debts by a firm to a third party, i.e. factor, at discounted prices. Factoring…

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Margin of Safety

Definition: Margin of Safety (MOS) is defined as the excess of actual or projected sales over break-even sales, that can be expressed in monetary terms or units, or as a percentage of total sales. The margin of Safety implies the sales point over and above the break-even point, that results in profit. Break-even point (BEP),…

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Treasury Bills

Definition: Treasury Bills, also known as T-bills are the short-term money market instrument, issued by the central bank on behalf of the government to curb temporary liquidity shortfalls. These do not yield any interest, but issued at a discount, at its redemption price, and repaid at par when it gets matured. T-bills are the key…

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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them. The financial market…

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Post Office Recurring Deposit Account

Definition: The Post Office Recurring Deposit Account works on the same principle as that of the recurring deposit account in a bank, where the investor can deposit a fixed sum of money on a monthly basis. It is a scheme offered by the department of post and backed by the government of India on which…

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Post Office Monthly Income Scheme

Definition: The Post Office Monthly Income Scheme is a saving scheme backed by the government of India on which fixed interest is paid. This scheme is offered by the department of post and aims at providing regular monthly income to the depositors. The post office monthly income scheme offers several features to help investors to…

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Post Office Time Deposits

Definition: The Post Office Time Deposits are a saving scheme offered by the Indian Postal Service on which a fixed interest is paid. Often, the investors deposit a good chunk of their financial assets with a view to earning a fixed interest on it. The Post Office Time Deposits are similar to the fixed deposits…

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Post Office Savings Account

Definition: The Post Office Savings Account is the deposit scheme offered by the department of post on which fixed interest is paid. The individual investors deposit a good portion of their financial assets in a postal savings account in order to earn a fixed rate of interest on the investments. The post office savings account…

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