Money Market

Definition: Money Market can be understood as the market for short term funds, wherein lending and borrowing of funds varies from overnight to a year. It is an important part of the financial system that helps in fulfilling the short term and very short term requirements of the companies, banks, financial institution, government agencies and…

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Venture Capital

Definition: Venture Capital can be defined as the financing for startup companies and small enterprises, that involves a considerable amount of risk but are supposed to have long-term growth potential, i.e. the project can earn a high rate of return. A budding company, which is not yet ready to raise funds from the financial market…

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Bonds

Definition: Bonds can be defined as the negotiable instrument, issued in relation to borrowing arrangement, that indicates indebtedness. It is an unsecured debt instrument, in which the bond investor extends credit to the issuer, which in turn commits to repay the loan amount on the specified maturity date, along with interest throughout the life of…

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Capital Market

Definition: Capital Market, is used to mean the market for long term investments, that have explicit or implicit claims to capital. Long term investments refers to those investments whose lock-in period is greater than one year. In the capital market, both equity and debt instruments, such as equity shares, preference shares, debentures, zero-coupon bonds, secured…

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Certificate of Deposit (CD)

Definition: Certificate of Deposit (CD) implies an unsecured, money market negotiable instrument, issued by the commercial bank or financial institution, either in demat form or as a usance promissory note, at a discount to face value at market rates, against the amount deposited by an individual, for a stipulated time. In finer terms, certificate of…

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Competitive Intelligence

Definition: In business parlance, competitive intelligence can be understood as the process of identifying, gathering, evaluating and disseminating, information concerning competitor’s strengths and weaknesses, products, and customers, which a firm requires for strategic decision making. In other words, it is a legal and ethical practice that helps in improving the firm’s competitive ability and capacity.…

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Lean Management

Definition: Lean management refers to a technique developed with the aim of minimising the process waste and maximising the value of the product or service to the customer, without compromising the quality. It is coined by Toyota Production System, which is a part of lean thinking. Lean is possible through distinct techniques such as flow…

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Target Costing

Definition: Target costing can be viewed as a proactive cost management tool used to reduce the total cost of the product, over its complete lifecycle, through production, engineering, research and design. It helps the firm in managing the business in reaping profits in the extremely competitive market. Simply put, target costing is a process of…

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Merchant Banking

Definition: Merchant banking can be defined as a skill-oriented professional service provided by merchant banks to their clients, concerning their financial needs, for adequate consideration, in the form of fee. Merchant banks are a specialist in international trade and thus, excel in transacting with large enterprises. It offers a range of financial and consultancy services,…

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Organization

Definition: Organization refers to a collection of people, who are involved in pursuing defined objectives. It can be understood as a social system which comprises all formal human relationships. The organization encompasses division of work among employees and alignment of tasks towards the ultimate goal of the company. It can also be referred as the…

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