Economic Activity

Definition: Economic Activities implies all the activities of producing, distributing, trading, consuming, exchanging and supplying, goods and services of value, at any level, in a society, for monetary consideration. These activities are undertaken with the aim of making money, acquiring wealth, earning a livelihood, and generating income from different sources. The economic activity in a…

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Economies of Scale

Definition: Economies of Scale can be understood as the proportionate reduction in the cost achieved by increasing the scale of production or expansion in the size of the plant, often gauged by the quantity of output produced, wherein the per unit cost of output decreases with the increasing level of production. Therefore, when there is…

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Factors of Production

Definition: In economics, factors of production, as the name signifies are the inputs or say resources acquired by the firm to use them in the production of goods or services, so as to earn a profit. The word ‘production‘ refers to a systematic process of converting the inputs, into finished products, which can be goods…

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Supply

Definition: In economics, “Supply” implies the quantity (how much) of a commodity that the producers, manufacturers or sellers are willing and able to offer to the market at different prices during a particular period of time. Basically, supply is something that the firm offers for sale, to the target audience in the market, which may…

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Demand

Definition: The word ‘demand’ is used to imply the quantity (how much) of a given commodity or service, the consumers are willing and able to buy, in a market during the particular period of time, at any price, or at any income or at any price of related goods. Demand is not just the desire…

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Single Entry System

Definition: Single Entry System, is the oldest and most straightforward method of keeping records of financial transactions, which is rarely prevalent these days. In this system, only one side of the transaction is recorded, because of the absence of any prescribed rules and so the records maintained are more or less incomplete. In a nutshell,…

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Operations Management

Definition: Operations Management can be understood as an area of management which is concerned with the government of system, processes and functions that manufacture goods and renders services to the end user, to provide desired utilities to them while adhering to other objectives of the concern, i.e. efficiency, effectiveness, and productivity. Objectives of Operations Management…

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Fund Flow Statement

Definition: Fund Flow Statement implies a snapshot of the movement of funds, i.e. inflow or outflows of the firm’s financial assets for a specific period. It represents, “from where the funds are received and where the funds are utilised” by the company during a particular period. The word ‘fund‘ refers to a sum of money,…

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Liabilities

Definition: Liability, as the name suggests, is a legal obligation which reflects an amount that the company owes to outside parties, i.e. banks, financial institutions, individuals or entities, whose settlement may lead to the outflow of the firm’s economic resources. In finer terms, liabilities are a company’s financial debts, which indicates creditors claim on business…

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Assets

Definition: Assets refers to the resources of economic value which are owned and controlled by a business entity, owing to events in the past, which are expected to generate monetary benefit in future. In the balance sheet, assets appear in the second part, i.e. after equity and liabilities. Classification of Assets Assets are classified into…

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