Kaizen Costing

Definition: Kaizen is a Japanese term which means “continuous improvement” on which Lean Manufacturing System is based. It refers to the continuous improvement and examination program constantly going on in the organization that stresses on the effective waste management, during the manufacturing process, as a result of which costs is further reduced below the initial…

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Crossing of Cheque

Definition: Crossing of a cheque is nothing but instructing the banker to pay the specified sum through the banker only, i.e. the amount on the cheque has to be deposited directly to the bank account of the payee. Hence, it is not instantly encashed by the holder presenting the cheque at the bank counter. If…

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Cheque

Definition: Cheque refers to a negotiable instrument that contains an unconditional order to the bank to pay a certain sum mentioned in the instrument, from the drawer’s account, to the person to whom it is issued, or to the order of the specified person or the bearer. Parties to Cheque Basically, there are three parties…

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Commercial Bank

Definition: Commercial Bank can be described as a financial institution, that offers basic investment products like a savings account, current account, etc to the individuals and corporates. Along with that, it provides a range of financial services to the general public such as accepting deposits, granting loans and advances to the customers. It is a…

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Central Bank

Definition: Central Bank is the apex financial institution of the country, that administers the operations of the banking system. The bank manages and controls the expansion and contraction of the supply of money in the economy. A central bank has no direct interaction with the general public. Indeed, it functions as a banker to the…

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Merchant Banking

Definition: Merchant banking can be defined as a skill-oriented professional service provided by merchant banks to their clients, concerning their financial needs, for adequate consideration, in the form of fee. Merchant banks are a specialist in international trade and thus, excel in transacting with large enterprises. It offers a range of financial and consultancy services,…

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Residuary Non-Banking Company

Definition: The Residuary Non-Banking Company is yet another form of a financial institution engaged in the principal business of accepting deposits, under any scheme or arrangement or in any other form and not being asset financing, investment, loan company. Simply, the Residuary Non-Banking Company primarily deal in accepting deposits in any form and investing these…

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Chit Fund Company

Definition: The Chit Fund Company is a financial institution engaged in the principal business of managing, conducting and supervising the chit scheme. The “Chit” is the financial arrangement wherein a certain number of persons/subscribers enter into an agreement that subscribes to a certain sum of money by way of installments over a definite period of…

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Housing Finance Company

Definition: The Housing Finance Company is yet another form of non-banking financial company which is engaged in the principal business of financing of acquisition or construction of houses that includes the development of plots of lands for the construction of new houses. The Housing Finance Company is regulated by the National Housing Bank. Any non-banking…

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Non-Banking Financial Company-Factors

Definition: The Non-Banking Financial Company-Factors (NBFC-Factors) is yet another financial company that deals in the principal business of Factoring. The Factoring is a financial transaction wherein the company sells its bills receivables i.e. invoices to a third party called as “factor” at a discount. As per the RBI, the company can be registered as a…

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