Internal Environment

Definition: Internal environment is a component of the business environment, which is composed of various elements present inside the organization, that can affect or can be affected with, the choices, activities and decisions of the organization. It encompasses the climate, culture, machines/equipment, work and work processes, members, management and management practices. In other words, the…

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Quality Assurance

Definition: Quality Assurance is a managerial tool that encompasses all the systematic actions required for providing sufficient confidence, that a product will meet the requisite quality. Here, the confidence is bifold, as in internally to the company’s management and externally to the stakeholders such as customers, creditors, clients, society, government agencies, third parties, etc. Altogether,…

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Diversification

Definition: Diversification can be understood as the corporate strategy that a company implements to increase the market share and sales volume by introducing new products in new markets or industry, which is distinct from its core business. Simply put, diversification refers to the expansion of business by entering into a completely new segment or investing…

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Functional Level Strategy

Definition: Functional Level Strategy can be defined as the day to day strategy which is formulated to assist in the execution of corporate and business level strategies. These strategies are framed as per the guidelines given by the top level management. Functional Level Strategy is concerned with operational level decision making, called tactical decisions, for…

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Competitive Strategy

Definition: Competitive Strategy can be defined as the firm’s long term action plan that formulated by considering several external factors, that helps the company to achieve competitive advantage, increase the share in the market and overpower rivals. Competitive advantage is the result of the firm’s excellence in performing activities. The firm’s external environment, has the…

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Types of Companies

Definition: A company is that form of business organization, which is created by law. It refers to an association of persons, created to undertake business activities, having a separate legal existence, perpetual succession and a common seal. It is a legal entity incorporated under the Companies Act, 2013 or any other previous acts, prevalent in…

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Decentralisation

Definition: Decentralisation can be understood as the orderly assignment of authority, throughout the levels of management, in an organisation. It describes the way in which power to take decisions is allocated among various levels in the organisational hierarchy. In other words, it refers to the dissemination of powers, functions and responsibility, away from the central…

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Company

Definition: A company can be defined as an incorporated voluntary association of persons formed by law for a definite purpose, as an artificial person with a separate legal existence. Key Terminology Members: The persons who invest their money or money’s worth towards the common stock and whose name is listed in the register of members…

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Strategic Leadership

Definition: Strategic Leadership can be defined as the ability of the top level managers or executives to determine the future courses of action and direction of the firm and motivate the members to make efforts in that direction. This is possible by formulating and communicating the firm’s vision to the members of the organization develops…

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Strategic Planning

Definition: Strategic Planning can be understood as a systematic long-range planning activity, that an organization uses to fix priorities, strengthen operations, ascertain objectives and focus on the resources required and are to be allocated in order to pursue the strategy and attain the objectives. It is a part of the strategic management process, which ensures…

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