Accrual Concept

Definition: The accrual concept is one of three basic accounting concept, others are going concern and consistency. As per this concept, the recognition of the transactions and events as and when they arise, i.e. on mercantile basis, rather than on cash basis in which the transaction is recorded in the books of accounts when the…

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Depreciation

Definition: Depreciation is the reduction in the utility of the fixed asset like plant & machinery, furniture & fixtures, vehicles, buildings, etc. because of obsolescence through technology or market conditions, natural wear and tear, the passage of time, exhaustion of subject matter and so on. Depreciation is a measure which calculates loss in the value…

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Cash Flow Statement

Definition: Cash Flow Statement refers to an Analytical Reconciliation Statement, which shows the changes in the position of cash and cash equivalents between two periods. In addition to this, it emphasizes the reasons for such movement of cash. Cash equivalents are those investments which are short term as well as highly liquid in nature, that…

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Paid-up Capital

Definition: The Paid-up Capital refers to the amount that has been received by the company through the issue of shares to the shareholders. Simply, the money injected into the firm by the shareholders in exchange for the shares purchased by them is called the paid-up capital. The Paid-up capital can be equal to or less…

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Issued Capital

Definition: The Issued Capital refers to the number of shares issued by the company to the shareholders. In other words, the shares allotted or subsequently held by the shareholders is called the issued capital. The Issued capital represents that part of an authorized capital, which a company is authorized to sell through the shares. A…

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Authorized Capital

Definition: The Authorized Capital is the maximum amount of capital that a company can raise through the issue of shares to the shareholders. In other words, the capital amount with which a company is registered with the registrar of the company (as stated in the article of incorporation) is called the authorized capital. Thus, authorized…

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Aging Schedule

Definition: The Aging Schedule is a tabular representation of all the bills and invoices along with their respective ages, i.e. the date on which these become due. Simply, all the bills receivables and bills payable are classified along with their date of maturity, to keep a check on which payment or receivable is behind its…

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Capital Employed Turnover Ratio

Definition: The Capital Employed Turnover Ratio shows how efficiently the sales are generated from the capital employed by the firm. This ratio helps the investors or the creditors to determine the ability of a firm to generate revenues from the capital employed and act as a key decision factor for lending more money to the…

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Definition: The Total Assets Turnover Ratio shows how efficiently the total assets of the firm are employed to generate sales. This ratio gives an idea to the investor and the creditor about how the firm is managed, and the assets are utilized to generate revenues. Ideally, the firm’s asset turnover ratio is compared with the…

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Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio

Definition: The Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio shows, how efficiently the fixed assets are used to generate sales. Simply, this ratio shows the efficiency of a firm in generating profits relative to the investments in the fixed assets. The fixed assets turnover ratio is suitable for the heavy industries where huge capital is employed in the…

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