Systematically Important Core Investment Company

Definition: The Systematically Important Core Investment Company (CIC-ND-SI) is a financial company that is principally engaged in the business of acquisition of shares and securities. As per the RBI guidelines, the non-banking financial company is recognized as a systematically important core investment company if it satisfies the following conditions: At least 90% of the company’s…

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Non-Banking Financial Company-Micro Finance Institution

Definition: The Non-Banking Financial Company: Micro Finance Institution (NBFC-MFI) is a non-deposit taking financial company that has minimum 85% of its assets in the nature of qualifying assets. The Qualifying Assets are those assets which have a substantial period of time to be ready for its intended use or sale. As per RBI, for a…

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Infrastructure Debt Fund Non-Banking Financial Companies

Definition: The Infrastructure Debt Fund Non-Banking Financial Companies or IDF-NBFC are yet another non-deposit accepting financial institutions that purely deals in infusing long-term debt into the infrastructure sector. The debt fund means a pool of investment that holds the array fixed-income instruments such as bonds or debentures. As per RBI, the company shall be recognized…

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Infrastructure Finance Company

Definition: The Infrastructure Finance Company is yet another financial institution engaged in the principal business of infrastructure loan. The credit facility (term loans, project loans, etc.) granted by the non-banking financial companies to the borrowers in the specific infrastructure sectors Viz. Transport, Energy, Water and Sanitation, Communication, and Social and Commercial Infrastructure are called as…

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Asset Finance Company

Definition: The Asset Finance Company is the financial institution engaged in the principal business of financing physical assets that correspond to productive/economic activity such as machinery, automobile, tractors, material handling equipment, power generators, etc. The Asset Financing refers to the act of pledging company’s assets Viz. Bills Receivables, short-term inventories or investments to borrow loan…

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Loan Company

Definition: The Loan Company is a financial institution principally engaged in the business of providing finance to the public, whether by making loans or advances or otherwise, for any activity other than its own (Excludes equipment leasing and hire-purchase activities). The loan is a kind of an agreement wherein the lender temporarily lends property, usually…

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Hire-purchase Company

Definition: The Hire-Purchase Company is yet another non-banking finance company that principally deals in the business of hire-purchase transactions and the financing of such activities. The Hire-Purchase means buying the goods on an installment plan. This means the hirer can buy commodities in exchange for the regular installment payments (principal amount+ interest) over a period of…

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Equipment Leasing Company

Definition: The Equipment Leasing Company is a non-banking finance company which is primarily engaged in the business of leasing of equipment or financing of such activity. The term “lease” refers to the contractual agreement between the lessor (owner) and the lessee (hirer) wherein the lessor grants right to the lessee to use the equipment in…

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Investment Companies

Definition: The Investment Companies are the non-finance banking companies that are primarily engaged in the business of buying and selling of securities. Simply, a company that pools the resources of investors to reinvest it in the marketable securities ranging from shares to debentures to money market instruments are called the investment companies. The investment companies…

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Mutual Benefit Finance Companies

Definition: The Mutual Benefit Finance Companies also called as “Nidhis”, are the non-banking finance companies that enable its members to pool their money with a predetermined investment objective. The main sources of funds are share capital, deposits from its members, deposits from the general public. In other words, any company which has been notified by…

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