Capital Structure

Definition: Capital structure, as its name itself signifies, is the composition of the capital employed by the firm from various sources of finance. It comprises of both owners capital (i.e. equity capital and preferred capital) and debt capital. The capital structure of the firm represents its investment and financing strategy. While deciding the ideal capital…

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Treasury Management

Definition: Treasury Management can be understood as the planning, organizing and controlling holding, funds and working capital of the enterprise in order to make the best possible use of the funds, maintain firm’s liquidity, reduce the overall cost of funds, and mitigate operational and financial risk. It covers working capital management, currency management, corporate finance…

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Types of Issue of Shares

Definition: A share is that smallest part, into which the overall capital of the company is divided. Issue of shares is a process through which the company allocates fresh shares to the new or existing shareholders. The issue of shares is made to both individuals, institutions or body corporates. Types of Issue of Shares There…

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Shares

Definition: Shares can be described as the financial instrument issued by the company to raise funds from the general public. A share represents fractional ownership in a body corporate. Thus, a share is the smallest unit of the company’s overall net worth. In a joint stock company, the capital is divided into very small units,…

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Types of Companies

Definition: A company is that form of business organization, which is created by law. It refers to an association of persons, created to undertake business activities, having a separate legal existence, perpetual succession and a common seal. It is a legal entity incorporated under the Companies Act, 2013 or any other previous acts, prevalent in…

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Decentralisation

Definition: Decentralisation can be understood as the orderly assignment of authority, throughout the levels of management, in an organisation. It describes the way in which power to take decisions is allocated among various levels in the organisational hierarchy. In other words, it refers to the dissemination of powers, functions and responsibility, away from the central…

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Company

Definition: A company can be defined as an incorporated voluntary association of persons formed by law for a definite purpose, as an artificial person with a separate legal existence. Key Terminology Members: The persons who invest their money or money’s worth towards the common stock and whose name is listed in the register of members…

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Strategic Leadership

Definition: Strategic Leadership can be defined as the ability of the top level managers or executives to determine the future courses of action and direction of the firm and motivate the members to make efforts in that direction. This is possible by formulating and communicating the firm’s vision to the members of the organization develops…

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Strategic Planning

Definition: Strategic Planning can be understood as a systematic long-range planning activity, that an organization uses to fix priorities, strengthen operations, ascertain objectives and focus on the resources required and are to be allocated in order to pursue the strategy and attain the objectives. It is a part of the strategic management process, which ensures…

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Process Mapping

Definition: Process Mapping, or otherwise called as process flowchart, is a tool of management, that diagrammatically represents the workflow of a process or a number of parallel processes, so as to make a clear understanding of how a process works and help the entity in becoming more effective, by identifying improvement opportunities. Process mapping uses…

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