Accounting

Definition: Accounting is a process, which systematically and comprehensively records business events and transactions, and translate it into the financial information of the business entity to assist  the stakeholders in the decision-making process. In this process, the transactions are identified, recorded, arranged, summarized, simplified properly and then communicated to the interested parties. Generally Accepted Accounting…

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Insurance

Definition: Insurance refers to a contractual arrangement in which one party, i.e. insurance company or the insurer, agrees to compensate the loss or damage sustained to another party, i.e. the insured, by paying a definite amount, in exchange for an adequate consideration called as premium. It is often represented by an insurance policy, wherein the…

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Commercial Bank

Definition: Commercial Bank can be described as a financial institution, that offers basic investment products like a savings account, current account, etc to the individuals and corporates. Along with that, it provides a range of financial services to the general public such as accepting deposits, granting loans and advances to the customers. It is a…

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Central Bank

Definition: Central Bank is the apex financial institution of the country, that administers the operations of the banking system. The bank manages and controls the expansion and contraction of the supply of money in the economy. A central bank has no direct interaction with the general public. Indeed, it functions as a banker to the…

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Internal Control

Definition: Internal Control can be defined as a system designed, introduced and maintained by the company’s management and top-level executives, to provide a substantial degree of assurance in achieving business objective, while complying with the policies and laws, safeguarding the assets, maintaining efficiency and effectiveness in regular operations and reliability of financial statements. Objectives of…

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Strategic Cost Management (SCM)

Definition: Strategic Cost Management or otherwise called as SCM is the cost management technique that aims at reducing costs while strengthening the position of the business. It is a process of combining the decision-making structure with the cost information, in order to reinforce the business strategy as a whole. It measures and manages costs to…

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Auditing

Definition: The term ‘audit’ means an unbiased examination of the financial statements, i.e. account books and other relevant documents such as vouchers, invoices, bills, receipts, etc., of a business entity, regardless of the size, nature, orientation and legal structure, carried out by an auditor so as to give an opinion on the financial statement. The…

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Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

Definition: Customer Relationship Management (CRM), can be understood as the business strategy that involves obtaining, arranging and managing customer information and using the same across different ‘touch points’ of the customers, so as to improve customer service, which leads to the increase in customer loyalty and retention and boosts sales. The term ‘customer touch point’…

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Promissory Note

Definition: A Promissory Note, as the name itself gives a brief description, is a legal financial instrument issued by one party, promising to pay the debt owed to another party. It is a written negotiable instrument duly signed by the maker that contains an unconditional promise to pay the stated sum of money to a…

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Cost Accounting

Definition: Cost Accounting implies a branch of accounting which deals with recording, classifying, accumulation, allocation and control of the cost of production. It captures the incomes and expenditures and prepares statements and reports for the respective period, so as to determine and control costs. It aims at keeping a record of the cost of production,…

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