Depreciation

Definition: Depreciation is the reduction in the utility of the fixed asset like plant & machinery, furniture & fixtures, vehicles, buildings, etc. because of obsolescence through technology or market conditions, natural wear and tear, the passage of time, exhaustion of subject matter and so on. Depreciation is a measure which calculates loss in the value…

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Dispute Resolution

Definition: Dispute Resolution refers to a technique of settling the conflicts or claims between two parties, i.e. employer and employees. The technique aims at achieving fairness for both the groups and arriving at an agreement between by consensus, often initiated by a third party. These disputes are caused by wage demands, unfair labour practices, political…

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Entrepreneurship

Definition: Entrepreneurship refers to the process of creating a new enterprise and bearing any of its risks, with the view of making the profit. It is an act of seeking investment and production opportunity, developing and managing a business venture, so as to undertake production function, arranging inputs like land, labour, material and capital, introducing…

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Benchmarking

Definition: Benchmarking, is a tool of strategic management, that allows the organisation to set goals and measure productivity, on the basis of the best industry practices. It is a practice in which quality level is used as a point of reference to evaluate things by making a comparison. The process helps in comparing and gauging…

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Cash Flow Statement

Definition: Cash Flow Statement refers to an Analytical Reconciliation Statement, which shows the changes in the position of cash and cash equivalents between two periods. In addition to this, it emphasizes the reasons for such movement of cash. Cash equivalents are those investments which are short term as well as highly liquid in nature, that…

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Change Agent

Definition: In business parlance, a change agent is an individual or group, who carry out the task of instigating and managing change in the organization. He/She is someone, who directly or indirectly influences change, i.e. the change agents are appointed by the organizations to transform the ways, the organization is managed, or the business is…

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IPO

IPO stands for Initial Public Offering, which is the first sale of the stock by a private or any government company that opens to the general public. The company which comes with an IPO can be new, a budding company or an old company which decides to be listed on an exchange and therefore, goes…

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Demat Account

The word ‘Demat’ is the colloquial short word for ‘Dematerialized account’ which is a type of an account where shares and securities are held electronically to enable trading transaction & settlements in stock exchange, thereby eliminating the need of physical financial instrument. It was in the year 1996 when it was first introduced in India…

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Measures of Central Tendency

Definition: Measures of Central Tendency helps in identifying the single value around which all the data in a group (observations) have a tendency to cluster. Simply, a measure of central tendency is the value considered as the most representative figure of the entire data set. A measure of central tendency helps in identifying the center…

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Fiscal Policy

Definition: The Fiscal Policy implies the decisions taken by the government with respect to its revenue collection (through taxation), expenditure and other financial operations to accomplish certain national goals. The government uses its expenditure and taxation programmes to generate the desirable effects or eliminate the undesirable effects on the production, employment and national income of…

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