Definition: The Profitability Index measures the present value of returns derived from per rupee invested. It shows the relationship between the benefits and cost of the project and therefore, it is also called as, Benefit-Cost Ratio. The profitability Index helps in giving ranks to the projects on the basis of its value, the higher the value the top rank the project gets. … [Read more...] about Profitability Index

## Modified Internal Rate of Return

Definition: The Modified Internal Rate of Return or MIRR is a distinct improvement over the internal rate of return that assumes the cash flows generated from the project are reinvested at the firm’s cost of capital rather that at the company’s internal rate of return. The formula to calculate the Modified Internal Rate of Return is: Where, n= no. of periods Terminal … [Read more...] about Modified Internal Rate of Return

## Internal Rate of Return

Definition: The Internal Rate of Return or IRR is a rate that makes the net present value of any project equal to zero. In other words, the interest rate that equates the present value of cash inflow with the present value of cash outflow of any project is called as Internal Rate of Return. Unlike the Net present value method where we assume that the discount rate is known, … [Read more...] about Internal Rate of Return

## Net Present Value

Definition: The Net Present Value or NPV is a discounting technique of capital budgeting wherein the profitability of investment is measured through the difference between the cash inflows generated out of the cash outflows or the investments made in the project. The formula to calculate the Net Present value is: Net present value = n∑t=1 Ct / (1+r)t – C0 Where, Ct = … [Read more...] about Net Present Value

## Average Rate of Return

Definition: The Average Rate of Return or ARR, measures the profitability of the investments on the basis of the information taken from the financial statements rather than the cash flows. It is also called as Accounting Rate of Return The formula for calculating the average rate of return is: Average Rate of Return = Average Income / Average Investment over the life of … [Read more...] about Average Rate of Return

## Payback Period

Definition: The Payback Period helps to determine the length of time required to recover the initial cash outlay in the project. Simply, it is the method used to calculate the time required to earn back the cost incurred in the investments through the successive cash inflows. The formula to calculate it: Payback Period = Initial Outlay/Cash Inflows Accept-Reject … [Read more...] about Payback Period

## Capital Budgeting Techniques

Definition: The Capital Budgeting Techniques are employed to evaluate the viability of long-term investments. The capital budgeting decisions are one of the critical financial decisions that relate to the selection of investment proposal or the course of action that will yield benefits in the future over the lifetime of the project. Since the capital budgeting is related to … [Read more...] about Capital Budgeting Techniques

## Capital Budgeting Process

Definition: The Capital Budgeting is one of the crucial decisions of the financial management that relates to the selection of investments and course of actions that will yield returns in the future over the lifetime of the project. Capital Budgeting Process Identification of Potential Investment Opportunities: The first step in the capital budgeting process … [Read more...] about Capital Budgeting Process

## Wholesale Banking

Definition: The Wholesale Banking refers to the provisions of banking services offered to the industrial and business entities which are rich in resources and have sound income statements. These institutes are generally the mortgage brokers, corporate houses, multinationals, government agencies, real estate investors, other banks and financial institutions. The wholesale … [Read more...] about Wholesale Banking

## Bridge Loan

Definition: A Bridge Loan is a temporary short term loan usually used by a person to finance a new house before the sale of the existing or the old one. Simply, a loan is taken till the permanent financing is arranged. It is also called as Interim Financing or Gap Financing or Swing Financing. A bridge loan is generally raised to bridge the gap between the times the finance … [Read more...] about Bridge Loan